On November 29, 1899, Hans Gamper founded FC Barcelona, along with eleven enthusiastic practitioners of what at that time was an unknown sport called 'foot-ball'.
At that time, I could not imagine the enormous magnitude that this initiative would end up reaching over time. Throughout its more than one hundred years of life, Barça has experienced spectacular growth in all areas and has become more than a sports entity, making Barça's motto a reality is 'more than a club'.
Barça has become, for millions of people from any part of the world, a symbol of identity not only sports, but also social, political and cultural. In the most difficult moments it has been the flag of Catalonia and has represented the yearning for freedom of the Catalan people, a symbol that continues to be deeply rooted in the idiosyncrasies of the club and the social mass. In the Spanish context, Barça looks like an open and democratic club. And in the rest of the world, Barça identifies itself with solidarity causes, specifically with children, through its sponsorship agreement with UNICEF.
For a whole century, Barcelona has experienced moments of glory and misfortune, bright times and others not so successful, epic triumphs and important defeats. And each of these moments has contributed to defining the personality of a club that, due to its peculiar characteristics, is unique in the world.
FC Barcelona is leading football club in spanish football LaLiga.
A more than a hundred-year-old story necessarily goes through very different stages, both from a social point of view and from a sports perspective. The first years (1899-1922), from the foundation to the construction of the Les Corts stadium, Barça was a football club that had to be singled out compared to the other Barcelona teams, until it became the reference club in the city. Barça became the leading club in Catalonia, and also opted to approach a Catalan sensibility that was gaining more and more strength.
From Les Corts to Camp Nou (1922-1957), the entity experienced conflicting situations. On the one hand, the associative growth, which exceeded 10,000 members for the first time, and the determined orientation towards professional and mass football, a stage in which players such as Alcantara and Samitier stood out. On the other, the material and political difficulties derived from the Spanish Civil War and the postwar period, as the club had to survive in a very adverse climate, with the murder in 1936 of President Josep Sunyol, the person who precisely promulgated the motto 'sport and citizenship'. Likewise, the entity survived and initiated a social and sports recovery that materialized with the construction of the Camp Nou, under the decisive influence of the Ladislau Kubala player.
From the construction of the Camp Nou to the 75th anniversary (1957-1974), Barça experienced a stage of mediocre sports results, but of consolidation as an entity, with constant social growth and a slow but progressive recovery of its identity, despite of adverse circumstances. A palpable sensation that was concretized for the first time in the motto 'El Barça, more than a club', pronounced by President Narcís de Carreras. The entrepreneurial board chaired by Agustí Montal brought a soccer player to Barcelona who has marked the history of the club: Johan Cruyff.
From the 75th anniversary to the first European Cup (1974-1992) the life of the club was marked by the arrival of democracy in football clubs, the beginning of the long term of Josep Lluís Núñez, the extension of Camp Nou on the occasion of the 1982 world championship and the conquest of the Recopa (1979) in Basel, a great sporting success but also social, with a huge and exemplary Barcelona expedition that showed all of Europe the fusion of the Catalan and Catalan flags. The return of Cruyff, this time as coach of the so-called 'Dream Team' (1990-1994), had its climax in the conquest of the European Cup at Wembley Stadium (1992), with the famous Koeman goal.
Consecration in the world. From Wembley to the Club World Cup (1992-2009) marks the most recent evolution of the club, framed between four fundamental sporting milestones, the three European cups and the Club World Cup. These years are marked by the end of the presidential stage of Josep Lluís Núñez and the celebration of the Centennial of the club (1999), which showed the full social potential of the entity. After the presidency of Joan Gaspart (2000-2003), the June 2003 elections led to the presidency Joan Laporta, which has begun a new stage of social growth, with 172,938 members, and sports successes such as the four Leagues, the Champions League reached in Paris and Rome and the Club World Cup.
From the 2008-09 season, with the arrival of Josep Guardiola on the bench of the first team, the team took on new energies and achieved in 2009 the Six Cups at stake, a milestone that has been recorded forever in everyone's memory The Barcelonaists. Sports successes that have greatly reinforced the social and media projection of the club. The 2009/10 season, the second of Guardiola at the head of the bench, culminates in the achievement of the second consecutive League title, the twentieth in the history of the club, and which will be remembered as the "99 points" for being a record score. The squad would end up playing in the regularity competition until the last game, against Valladolid, and celebrate the title the same day, before the fans of Camp Nou.
The greatness of the Futbol Club Barcelona is explained, among many other factors, by its impressive medal winners, which makes it the team with the most titles in the Spanish state and one of the most successful in the world. The showcases of the Barcelona museum host all possible trophies, led by the European Cups won at the Wembley (1992), Paris (2006) and Rome (2009) finals and the Abu Dhabi Club World Cup (2009).
Apart from this top continental award, Barça has earned an unquestionable prestige in Europe, being the only team on the continent that has been present uninterruptedly in European competitions since its creation in 1955. Among the many milestones achieved in Europe, it is worth highlighting the condition of 'king of the Recopa' that the Barca team holds with four awards.
In addition, the Barcelona players accumulate three titles corresponding to the Fairs Cup (later UEFA Cup and currently European League) of the years 1958, 1960 and 1966. This property trophy was also awarded in 1971 in a special final that faced the first winner of this competition, FC Barcelona, and the last winner, Leeds United.
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