China Superleague football
The Super League of the Chinese football Association, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as China Ping An Super League of the Chinese Football Association, is from Sponsor reasons the highest level of the Chinese professional football, which operates under the auspices of the Chinese football association (CFA).
The Chinese Super League was created by the renaming of the former top Chinese football league Jia-A League in 2004 (see Chinese Jia-A League, not to be confused with the Chinese football league Jia League, the current second division).
The league, which was originally contested by 12 teams in its opening year, has since expanded. In the current season, 16 teams compete against each other. A total of 31 teams have participated in the CSL since its foundation. Seven teams have won the title: Shenzhen Jianlibao, Dalian Shide, Shandong Luneng, Changchun Yatai, Beijing Guoan, Guangzhou Evergrande and Shanghai SIPG. The current Super League champions are Shanghai SIPG.
The Chinese Super League is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in China. In the 2018 season, an average of 24,107 spectators in the league games. This is the 12th highest of all domestic professional sports leagues in the world and the sixth highest of all league football leagues in the world after the Bundesliga football, Premier League football, LaLiga football, Serie A football and Liga MX football.
The league is now under the authorization of the Chinese Football Association. The CSL Company, which is currently the commercial branch of the League, is a company in which the CFA and all member clubs act as shareholders. It is planned that the CFA will eventually transfer its shares in The CSL Company to the clubs and a professional association consisting of CSL clubs will be established as the League's management unit.
Professional footballers in China receive relatively high salaries compared to other Chinese sports and football leagues in other countries. The average salary for a CSL-Player in 2017 is $ 1,016,579. It occupies eleventh place among all professional sports leagues and is the sixth highest of all football leagues of professional associations worldwide.
CSL has two transmission windows: the preseason primary transmission window lasts two months from January to February, and the secondary transmission window for the mid season lasts one month from mid-June to mid-July. As of the 2018 season, the CSL has introduced new rules requiring each club to register a squad of up to 31 players with 27 Chinese players, including one from Hong Kong, Macao and China Taipei, as well as 4 foreign players. In the transfer window, clubs could sign up to 5 Chinese players of all ages and 3 out of 21 Chinese players. Clubs could register 4 foreign players for the winter transfer and replace two of them for the summer transfer.
The record transfer fee for a CSL player has grown rapidly since the onset of investment in 2015. The six most expensive transfers with players coming to CSL have exceeded € 30 million, and Chelsea has sold Oscar in December 2016 for a fee of € 60 million to Shanghai SIPG,  Zenit Saint Petersburg is selling Hulk for 55.8 million Euro to Shanghai SIPG in July 2016, Shakhtar Donetsk sells Alex Teixeira for 50 million euros to Jiangsu Suning in February 2016, Atlético Madrid sells Jackson Martínez to Guangzhou Evergrande for 42 million euros In February 2016, Villarreal sold Cédric Bakambu to Beijing Sinobo for 40 million euros Guoan. In February 2018 Atlético Madrid sold Yannick Carrasco for 30 million euros to Dalian Yifang. In February 2018, Guangzhou Evergrande Paulinho sold to Barcelona for 40 million euros The record for a CSL player is transferred to other leagues. The transfer rates for domestic players have also risen dramatically. Beijing Sinobo Guoan sold Chinese national player Zhang Chengdong to Hebei China Fortune for 150 million yen in January 2017, breaking the domestic transfer record for Chinese players.
The Chinese Football Association introduced a new transfer tax to limit transfer expenses. On June 20, 2017, CFA announced that any club that pays more than 45 million yen for a transfer from foreign players or 20 million yen for a transfer from Chinese players must pay the same amount to a CFA Youth Fund.
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